Egypt criticizes plan to combine militias into Libyan military

Egypt has renewed its help for the Libyan Nationwide Military. LNA commander Khalifa Hifter went to Cairo March 16 and met with Egyptian officers to replace Cairo on the newest developments within the talks of the Libyan Joint Army Fee to unify the Libyan navy institution and take away mercenaries. 

Hifter additionally shared plans to combine armed teams and militias into the Libyan navy establishment following its unification, which started March 24 with the dismantling of the militias and choosing figures from them to hitch the navy institution.

Through the Safety Council assembly, UN envoy to Libya Jan Kubis stated that the brand new Libyan unity authorities is decided to see the Joint Army Fee unify the Libyan navy and safety establishments, disarm and demobilize the totally different armed teams and militias, reintegrate them within the navy institution and reform the safety institution, which is of paramount significance for the steadiness of Libya and that of the Sahel area.

The Joint Army Fee, which incorporates 10 representatives from the navy management of the LNA and of the Tripoli-based Authorities of Nationwide Accord (GNA), emerged from the Berlin convention on the Libyan disaster in January 2020.

The plan to combine members into the Libyan navy establishment upon the dismantling and disarming of the militias that have been concerned within the battle has raised considerations in Egypt and the LNA. 

Libyan parliament member Ali al-Saeedi stated throughout a March 26 session, “Egypt and the LNA worry the combination of members of extremist militias or those that stay loyal to Turkey or Qatar.”

Saeedi added, “The members of the Joint Army Fee are conscious of such considerations. The fee is made up of navy consultants who perceive how troublesome these terrorist and non-national members are to combine into the Libyan military after its unification — as that is necessary to protect a way of nationalism of the Libyan navy establishment.”

He went on, “The LNA won’t agree to include any militia member with a historical past of terror crimes or identified to be loyal to a rustic aside from Libya. The Muslim Brotherhood has been spreading rumors that Egypt has given up on Discipline Marshal Khalifa Hifter, which isn’t true. Actually, Commander Hifter has been in fixed contact with Egypt concerning Arab and nationwide safety, whether or not in Libya or Egypt.”

Saeedi burdened, “Egypt is decided to protect Libya’s stability and consolidate its safety and navy establishments, as Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi confirmed throughout his assembly with Mohamed Younes al-Menfi, the chairman of the Libyan Presidential Council.”

Throughout a March 25 assembly with Menfi in Cairo, Sisi stated that his nation “was able to present its experience to the Libyan authorities in numerous fields as a way to restore the nationwide establishments of the Libyan state, particularly the navy and safety institutions, that are needed for reaching safety and stability within the nation.”

In September 2020, delegations representing the LNA and the GNA convened within the Egyptian governorate of Hurghada to debate sustaining the cease-fire meant to finish hostilities between the 2 events in Tripoli in addition to plans to unify the navy establishments and dismantle the militias.

Ahmad al-Awadi, a member of the Egyptian parliamentary committee on protection and nationwide safety, instructed Al-Monitor, “Cairo categorically rejects [the presence] of militias and mercenaries in Libya to protect its personal nationwide safety and that of Libya.”

He went on, “Egypt helps the LNA as a result of it’s a nationwide establishment, which is why integrating militias in it could detract from the military’s nationwide id.” He defined, “Cairo is conscious of the problem of integrating militia members … as a result of these militias solely know the way to sow chaos and wage avenue wars.”

Awadi stated, “The Egyptian aspect and the LNA are at the moment discussing particular situations for the militia members to be built-in within the Libyan navy establishment after its unification. Certainly one of these situations is that these members ought to be loyal to Libya and to not Turkey or every other nation.”

He burdened, “Militias in Libya are a weapon utilized by the Muslim Brotherhood and Turkey, which is why Cairo won’t settle for the combination of any member of those teams in a Libyan nationwide establishment comparable to the military.”

Brig. Khaled al-Mahjoub, the top of the Ethical Steering Division of the LNA, instructed Al-Monitor, “It is just pure for Cairo to supply help to the LNA and its commander, Hifter.”

“The Muslim Brotherhood’s management of Libya [via Turkey] poses a risk to each Egypt and Libya’s nationwide safety. Because of this Egypt is supporting the LNA, which is the Brotherhood’s number-one enemy in Libya,” he added.

He argued, “The worldwide group agrees on the necessity to dismantle the militias and take away mercenaries from Libyan territories … by means of the Joint Army Fee.”

Commenting on the integration plan, Mahjoub stated, “In keeping with the phrases of the Joint Army Fee settlement, armed militias have to be dismantled, as they’re teams that embrace felony gangs that can not be built-in. There are additionally some terrorist teams that uphold sure fundamentalist and extremist ideologies and beliefs and are identified for his or her loyalty to different international locations. It’s inconceivable to combine them within the navy institution.”

Mahjoub defined, “There are situations below which younger folks from these teams could also be built-in. Members of such teams should not have felony data, together with terror crimes or something of that kind. Those that present a way of patriotism and [and whose] loyalty lies in Libya at first can be thought of for integration.”

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